Wild Crop Relatives Occurring in or near Rock Corral Canyon – “Wild Chile” Botanical Area

Coronado National Forest, near Tumacacori, Arizona

Edited by Gary Paul Nabhan

 

Agave palmeri – Engelmann; Palmer’s agave, lechuguilla, drought- & heat-adapted succulent perennial; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested for mescal.

Agave parviflora – Torrey; Santa Cruz striped agave, amole; drought- & heat-adapted succulent perennial; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Agave schottii – Engelmann; drought- & heat-adapted succulent perennial; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Allium plummerae – S. Watson; Plummer’s wild onion; drought- & heat-adapted herbaceous perennial bulb; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Amaranthus palmeri – S. Watson; pigweed, quelite de las aguas; drought-& heat-adapted ephemeralized annual; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Amaranthus powellii – S. Watson; drought- & heat-adapted annual; closely related to domesticated A. hypochondriacus, perhaps putative parent; wild-harvested, and potential breeding material for future climate change adaptations.

Amaranthus torreyi – (A. Gray) Bentham ex Watson; drought- & heat-adapted annual; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Capsicum annuum – L. var. glabriusculum (Dunal) Heiser & Pickersgill, wild chile, chiltepín; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to domesticated C. annuum var. annuum and potential breeding material for future climate change adaptations.

Chenopodium berlandieri – Moquin-Tandon; pitseed goosefoot; chual, huazontle silvestre; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to and probable progenitor of domesticated C. berlandieri var. nuttaliae; wild-harvested, and potential breeding material for future climate change adaptations.

Chenopodium fremontii – S. Watson; drought- & heat-adapted; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Cucurbita digitata – A. Gray, coyote gourd, calabacilla del coyote; very drought- & heat-adapted; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested.

Cucurbita foetidissima – HBK; buffalogourd, calabacilla loca; drought- & heat-adapted; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested; historically domesticated by university scientists as a perennial oilseed and starch crop, and as an insect pest trap crop.

Gossypium thurberi – Todaro; wild cotton; algodón Silvestre; drought- & heat-adapted; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested; historically used as breeding material for commercial cotton.

Helianthus annuus – L., common sunflower, girasol, mirasol; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to and potential progenitor to domesticates oilseed and food sunflowers; important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Hordeum pusillum – Nuttall; little barley, cebada chica; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to domesticated little barley of Mississippi Basin and Sonoran Desert; and potential breeding material for future climate change adaptations.

Ipomaea  costellata – Torrey; crestrib morning-glory, a small summer annual vine ; distantly related to domesticates.

Ipomaea hederacea – Jacq., ivyleaf morning-glory; a summer annual vine of riverbanks and roadsides ; distantly related to domesticates.

Ipomaea purpurea – (L.) Lam., tall morning glory; a colorful annual vine often cultivated as an ornamental; distantly related to domesticates.

Jaltomata procumbens – (Cavanilles) J. L. Gentry, jaltomate, tomatillo; a spreading perennial herb both wild harvested and cultivated for its edible greens or quelites; the probable progenitor of the domesticated vegetable; important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Juglans major – (Torrey) Heller; Arizona walnut; nogal; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to domesticated Juglans major and commercial rootstock; important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations. Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Macroptilum atropurpureum – (Mossino & Sesse ex. DeCandolle) Urban; siratro; drought- & heat-adapted vine-like perennial; closely related to forage domesticated siratro, which is displacing poorly-adapted alfalfa and clovers in arid zones of Australia; important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations. Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Manihot angustiloba – (Torrey) Mueller-Arg., narrow-leaved wild manioc; drought- & heat-adapted cespitose perennial not closely related to domesticates.

Manihot daviseae – Croizat; Arizona manioc, pata de gallo; drought- & heat-adapted slender woody shrubby perennial not closely related to domesticates, extremely rare and possibly at risk in the U.S. but not in Mexico.

Morus microphylla – Buckley; littleleaf mulberry, zarza mora; drought- & heat-adapted woody perennial; tree or shrub distantly related to domesticate; wild harvested for tart fruits.

Opuntia macrorhiza – twist-spine pricklypear; drought- & heat-adapted succulent perennial; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested for fruits.

Opuntia phaecantha – Engelmann; tulip pricklypear; drought- & heat-adapted succulent perennial; distantly related to domesticates; fruits wild-harvested commercially for syrup, jelly and “nectar.” Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Opuntia santa-rita – (Griffiths& Hare) Rose; Santa Rita pricklypear; drought- & heat-adapted succulent perennial; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested for fruits and popular as an ornamental.

Panicum hirticaule – J.Presl.; Sonoran panicgrass; drought- & heat-adapted annual; closely related to domesticated P. sonorum; wild-harvested for seed; important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Passiflora foetida – L. var arizonica (Killip) D. H. Goldman; Arizona passion-flower, tayalote, buli de venado; drought- & heat-adapted herbaceous perennial vine; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested for tangy fruit.

Passiflora mexicana – Jussieu; Mexican passion-flower, ojo de venado; drought- & heat-adapted herbaceous perennial vine; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested for tangy fruit.

Phaseolus acutifolius – A. Gray; tepary bean, frijol tepari; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to domesticated P. acutifolius and used as genetic bridge in hybridization with P. vulgaris; wild-harvested for beans. Important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Phaseolus maculatus – Scheele; Metcalfe’s bean, cocolmeca; drought- & heat-adapted perennial vine; distantly related to domesticates; wild-harvested for beans and root used for fermentation and medicine.

Physalis acutifolia – (Miers) Sandwith; sharpleaf groundcherry; drought- & heat-adapted herbaceous annual; fruits wild harvested as food, distantly related to domesticates.

Physalis longifolia – longleaf groundcherry; drought- and heat-adapted herbaceous perennial herb; fruits wild harvested, eaten raw or boiled, distantly related to domesticates.

Proboscidea parviflora – (Wooten) Wooten & Standley; devil’s claw, torito, gatuña; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to and probable progenitor of historic basketry plant domesticate P. parviflora var hohokamiana; wild-harvested for basketry fiber and oilseed.

Prunus serotina – Ehrhart; chokecherry, capulín; drought- & heat-adapted woody shrub or tree; closely related to and probable progenitor to domesticate P. serotina var. capuli; Rubus arizonensis  Focke; Arizona dewberry; a woody perennial shrub that is important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations. Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Rubus neomexicanus – A. Gray New Mexico raspberrya woody perennial bramble shrub; important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations. Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Tagetes lemmonii – A. Gray, Lemmon’s marigold, yerbanis; a summer perennial shrub, distantly related to domesticates.

Solanum eleagniifolium – Cavanilles; silverleaf nightshade, trompillo; drought- & heat-adapted perennial herb; wild-harvested as milk coagulant or vegetal rennet for commercial cottage industry production of queso asader, a regional cheese boarded onto the Slow Food Ark of Taste.

Solanum douglasii – Dunal = S. nigrescens;wonderberry, chichiquelite; drought- & heat-adapted perennial herb; closely related to and probable progenitor to domesticated S. nigresecens and/or S. americanum, important breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations. Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Stevia lemmonii – A. Gray; a small herbaceous perennial shrub distantly related to the commercial Stevia rebundiana; possible breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations. Excellent for carbon sequestration.

Stevia micrantha – Lagasca; an erect annual distantly related to the commercial Stevia rebundiana; possible breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Stevia serrata – Cavanilles; an erect perennial herb distantly related to the commercial Stevia rebundiana, possible breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Vitis arizonica – Engelmann; Arizona wild grape; parra or uva silvestre; drought- & heat-adapted; closely related to and potential rootstock for domesticated V. vinifera; possible breeding material for future drought, heat and water-use adaptations.

Zizyphus obtusifolia – (Hooker) ex Torrey & A  Gray; lotebush, ciruela del monte; drought- & heat-adapted shrub; distantly related to domesticated jujube, Z. jujube. Excellent for carbon sequestration.